Article 1. Distinguishing Number On Ballot of California Elections Code >> Division 8. >> Part 1. >> Chapter 2. >> Article 1.
In any election at which two or more judges or justices of
any court are to be voted for or elected for the same term, it shall
be deemed that there are as many separate judicial offices to be
filled as there are judges or justices of the court to be elected.
Each separate office shall be designated by a distinguishing number
not greater than the total number of the offices. The designation
shall remain the same for all purposes of both primary and general
election and shall be used on all nomination papers, certificates of
nomination, ballots, certificates of election, and all election
papers referring to the office. After election and the issuance of
the certificates of election, the designating number shall have no
(a) A declaration of candidacy for election or a nomination
by the Governor, made pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 16 of
Article VI of the California Constitution, shall be filed with the
officer charged with the duty of certifying nominations for
publication in the official ballot.
(b) No candidate described in subdivision (a) shall be required to
state his or her residential address on the declaration of
candidacy. However, in cases where the candidate does not state his
or her residential address on the declaration of candidacy, the
elections official shall verify whether his or her address is within
the appropriate political subdivision and add the notation "verified"
The numerically designated offices shall be grouped and
arranged on all ballots in numerical order. No person may be a
candidate nor have his or her name printed upon any ballot as a
candidate for any numerically designated office other than the one
indicated by him or her in his or her declaration of intention to
become a candidate.
(a) In any county in which only the incumbent has filed
nomination papers for the office of superior court judge, his or her
name shall not appear on the ballot unless there is filed with the
elections official, within 10 days after the final date for filing
nomination papers for the office, a petition indicating that a
write-in campaign will be conducted for the office and signed by at
least 0.1 percent of the registered voters qualified to vote with
respect to the office, provided that the petition shall contain at
least 100 signatures but need not contain more than 600 signatures.
(b) If a petition indicating that a write-in campaign will be
conducted for the office at the general election, signed by the
number of registered voters qualified to vote with respect to the
office specified in subdivision (a), is filed with the elections
official not less than 83 days before the general election, the name
of the incumbent shall be placed on the general election ballot if it
has not appeared on the direct primary election ballot.
(c) If, in conformity with this section, the name of the incumbent
does not appear either on the primary ballot or general election
ballot, the elections official, on the day of the general election,
shall declare the incumbent reelected. Certificates of election
specified in Section 15401 or 15504 shall not be issued to a person
reelected pursuant to this section before the day of the general
(a) If an incumbent of a judicial office dies on or before
the last day prescribed for the filing of nomination papers, or files
a declaration of intention but for any reason fails to file his or
her nomination papers by the last day prescribed for the filing of
the papers, an additional five days shall be allowed for the filing
of nomination papers for the office.
(b) Any person other than the person who was the incumbent, if
otherwise qualified, may file nomination papers for the office during
the extended period, notwithstanding that he or she has not filed a
written and signed declaration of intention to become a candidate for
the office as provided in Sections 8023 and 8201.