Article 1. Requirement Of Authentication of California Evidence Code >> Division 11. >> Chapter 1. >> Article 1.

Authentication of a writing means (a) the introduction of evidence sufficient to sustain a finding that it is the writing that the proponent of the evidence claims it is or (b) the establishment of such facts by any other means provided by law.
(a) Authentication of a writing is required before it may be received in evidence.
  (b) Authentication of a writing is required before secondary evidence of its content may be received in evidence.
The party producing a writing as genuine which has been altered, or appears to have been altered, after its execution, in a part material to the question in dispute, must account for the alteration or appearance thereof. He may show that the alteration was made by another, without his concurrence, or was made with the consent of the parties affected by it, or otherwise properly or innocently made, or that the alteration did not change the meaning or language of the instrument. If he does that, he may give the writing in evidence, but not otherwise.