Part 5. Uniform Interstate Enforcement Of Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act of California Family Law Code >> Division 10. >> Part 5.
This part may be cited as the Uniform Interstate Enforcement
of Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act.
In this part:
(1) "Foreign protection order" means a protection order issued by
a tribunal of another state.
(2) "Issuing state" means the state whose tribunal issues a
(3) "Mutual foreign protection order" means a foreign protection
order that includes provisions in favor of both the protected
individual seeking enforcement of the order and the respondent.
(4) "Protected individual" means an individual protected by a
(5) "Protection order" means an injunction or other order, issued
by a tribunal under the domestic violence, family violence, or
antistalking laws of the issuing state, to prevent an individual from
engaging in violent or threatening acts against, harassment of,
contact or communication with, or physical proximity to, another
(6) "Respondent" means the individual against whom enforcement of
a protection order is sought.
(7) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of
Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any
territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the
United States. The term includes an Indian tribe or band, or any
branch of the United States military, that has jurisdiction to issue
(8) "Tribunal" means a court, agency, or other entity authorized
by law to issue or modify a protection order.
(a) A person authorized by the law of this state to seek
enforcement of a protection order may seek enforcement of a valid
foreign protection order in a tribunal of this state. The tribunal
shall enforce the terms of the order, including terms that provide
relief that a tribunal of this state would lack power to provide but
for this section. The tribunal shall enforce the order, whether the
order was obtained by independent action or in another proceeding, if
it is an order issued in response to a complaint, petition, or
motion filed by or on behalf of an individual seeking protection. In
a proceeding to enforce a foreign protection order, the tribunal
shall follow the procedures of this state for the enforcement of
(b) A tribunal of this state may not enforce a foreign protection
order issued by a tribunal of a state that does not recognize the
standing of a protected individual to seek enforcement of the order.
(c) A tribunal of this state shall enforce the provisions of a
valid foreign protection order which govern custody and visitation,
if the order was issued in accordance with the jurisdictional
requirements governing the issuance of custody and visitation orders
in the issuing state.
(d) A foreign protection order is valid if it meets all of the
(1) Identifies the protected individual and the respondent.
(2) Is currently in effect.
(3) Was issued by a tribunal that had jurisdiction over the
parties and subject matter under the law of the issuing state.
(4) Was issued after the respondent was given reasonable notice
and had an opportunity to be heard before the tribunal issued the
order or, in the case of an order ex parte, the respondent was given
notice and has had or will have an opportunity to be heard within a
reasonable time after the order was issued, in a manner consistent
with the rights of the respondent to due process.
(e) A foreign protection order valid on its face is prima facie
evidence of its validity.
(f) Absence of any of the criteria for validity of a foreign
protection order is an affirmative defense in an action seeking
enforcement of the order.
(g) A tribunal of this state may enforce provisions of a mutual
foreign protection order which favor a respondent only if both of the
following are true:
(1) The respondent filed a written pleading seeking a protection
order from the tribunal of the issuing state.
(2) The tribunal of the issuing state made specific findings in
favor of the respondent.
(a) A law enforcement officer of this state, upon determining
that there is probable cause to believe that a valid foreign
protection order exists and that the order has been violated, shall
enforce the order as if it were the order of a tribunal of this
state. Presentation of a protection order that identifies both the
protected individual and the respondent and, on its face, is
currently in effect constitutes, in and of itself, probable cause to
believe that a valid foreign protection order exists. For the
purposes of this section, the protection order may be inscribed on a
tangible medium or may have been stored in an electronic or other
medium if it is retrievable in perceivable form. Presentation of a
certified copy of a protection order is not required for enforcement.
(b) If a foreign protection order is not presented, a law
enforcement officer of this state may consider other information in
determining whether there is probable cause to believe that a valid
foreign protection order exists.
(c) If a law enforcement officer of this state determines that an
otherwise valid foreign protection order cannot be enforced because
the respondent has not been notified or served with the order, the
officer shall inform the respondent of the order, make a reasonable
effort to serve the order upon the respondent, and allow the
respondent a reasonable opportunity to comply with the order before
enforcing the order. Verbal notice of the terms of the order is
sufficient notice for the purposes of this section.
(d) Registration or filing of an order in this state is not
required for the enforcement of a valid foreign protection order
pursuant to this part.
(a) Any foreign protection order shall, upon request of the
person in possession of the order, be registered with a court of this
state in order to be entered in the Domestic Violence Restraining
Order System established under Section 6380. The Judicial Council
shall adopt rules of court to do the following:
(1) Set forth the process whereby a person in possession of a
foreign protection order may voluntarily register the order with a
court of this state for entry into the Domestic Violence Restraining
(2) Require the sealing of foreign protection orders and provide
access only to law enforcement, the person who registered the order
upon written request with proof of identification, the defense after
arraignment on criminal charges involving an alleged violation of the
order, or upon further order of the court.
(b) No fee may be charged for the registration of a foreign
protection order. The court clerk shall provide all Judicial Council
forms required by this part to a person in possession of a foreign
protection order free of charge.
(a) There shall be no civil liability on the part of, and no
cause of action for false arrest or false imprisonment against, a
peace officer who makes an arrest pursuant to a foreign protection
order that is regular upon its face, if the peace officer, in making
the arrest, acts in good faith and has reasonable cause to believe
that the person against whom the order is issued has notice of the
order and has committed an act in violation of the order.
(b) If there is more than one order issued and one of the orders
is an emergency protective order that has precedence in enforcement
pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 136.2 of the
Penal Code, the peace officer shall enforce the emergency protective
order. If there is more than one order issued, none of the orders
issued is an emergency protective order that has precedence in
enforcement, and one of the orders issued is a no-contact order, as
described in Section 6320, the peace officer shall enforce the
no-contact order. If there is more than one civil order regarding the
same parties and neither an emergency protective order that has
precedence in enforcement nor a no-contact order has been issued, the
peace officer shall enforce the order that was issued last. If there
are both civil and criminal orders regarding the same parties and
neither an emergency protective order that has precedence in
enforcement nor a no-contact order has been issued, the peace officer
shall enforce the criminal order issued last.
(c) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to exonerate a peace
officer from liability for the unreasonable use of force in the
enforcement of the order. The immunities afforded by this section
shall not affect the availability of any other immunity that may
apply, including, but not limited to, Sections 820.2 and 820.4 of the
A protected individual who pursues remedies under this part
is not precluded from pursuing other legal or equitable remedies
against the respondent.
In applying and construing this part, consideration shall be
given to the need to promote uniformity of the law with respect to
its subject matter among states that also have adopted the act cited
in Section 6400.
If any provision of this part or its application to any
person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity does not
affect other provisions or applications of this part which can be
given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to
this end the provisions of this part are severable.
This part applies to protection orders issued before January
1, 2002, and to continuing actions for enforcement of foreign
protection orders commenced before January 1, 2002. A request for
enforcement of a foreign protection order made on or after January 1,
2002, for violations of a foreign protection order occurring before
January 1, 2002, is governed by this part.