Chapter 1. General Provisions of California Family Law Code >> Division 13. >> Part 3. >> Chapter 1.
(a) An adult may be adopted by another adult, including a
stepparent, as provided in this part.
(b) A married minor may be adopted in the same manner as an adult
under this part.
A married person who is not lawfully separated from the
person's spouse may not adopt an adult without the consent of the
spouse, provided that the spouse is capable of giving that consent.
(a) A married person who is not lawfully separated from the
person's spouse may not be adopted without the consent of the spouse,
provided that the spouse is capable of giving that consent.
(b) The consent of the parents of the proposed adoptee, of the
department, or of any other person is not required.
(a) A person may not adopt more than one unrelated adult
under this part within one year of the person's adoption of an
unrelated adult, unless the proposed adoptee is the biological
sibling of a person previously adopted pursuant to this part or
unless the proposed adoptee is disabled or physically handicapped.
(b) A person may not adopt an unrelated adult under this part
within one year of an adoption of another person under this part by
the prospective adoptive parent's spouse, unless the proposed adoptee
is a biological sibling of a person previously adopted pursuant to
A person adopted pursuant to this part may take the family
name of the adoptive parent.
After adoption, the adoptee and the adoptive parent or
parents shall sustain towards each other the legal relationship of
parent and child and have all the rights and are subject to all the
duties of that relationship.
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the birth parents
of a person adopted pursuant to this part are, from the time of the
adoption, relieved of all parental duties towards, and all
responsibility for, the adopted person, and have no right over the
(b) Where an adult is adopted by the spouse of a birth parent, the
parental rights and responsibilities of that birth parent are not
affected by the adoption.
A hearing with regard to adoption under Chapter 2 (commencing
with Section 9320) or termination of a parent and child relationship
under Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 9340) may, in the
discretion of the court, be open and public.