Article 1. Examination of California Financial Code >> Division 1. >> Chapter 5. >> Article 1.
(a) (1) For purposes of this section, "foreign bank" means the
business in this state of every foreign (other nation) bank licensed
under Article 3 (commencing with Section 1800) of Chapter 20 of
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, an examination made by the
commissioner in conjunction with or with assistance from a bank
regulatory agency of the United States, of a state of the United
States, or of a foreign nation is deemed to be an examination caused
by the commissioner.
(3) No provision of this subdivision shall be deemed to require
that the commissioner cause an examination to be made onsite at the
offices of a bank.
(4) The commissioner shall cause every California state bank and
every foreign bank to be examined to the extent and whenever and as
often as the commissioner shall deem it advisable, but in no case
less frequently than once every 12 months, except that the following
banks shall be examined pursuant to federal law no less frequently
than state banks and foreign banks that meet the respective federal
(A) California state banks that meet the criteria set forth in
Section 1820(d)(4) of Title 12 of the United States Code.
(B) Foreign banks that meet the criteria set forth in Section
211.26(c)(2) of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(5) The examinations required by paragraph (4) may be conducted in
alternate examination periods, as appropriate, if the commissioner
determines that an examination of the state bank by the appropriate
federal regulator, insuring or guaranteeing corporation during the
intervening examination period carries out the purpose of this
section. The commissioner may not accept two consecutive
examinations, or two consecutive examination reports, made by federal
regulators, insuring or guaranteeing corporations, or agencies with
respect to the condition of the state bank.
(6) The commissioner shall cause every California state trust
company to be examined to the extent and whenever and as often as the
commissioner shall deem it advisable, but in no case less frequently
than once every 24 months.
(7) The commissioner may examine subsidiaries of every California
state bank, state trust company, and foreign (other nation) bank
licensed under Article 3 (commencing with Section 1800) of Chapter 20
of Division 1.1 to the extent and whenever and as often as the
commissioner shall deem it advisable.
(b) The commissioner may at any time examine any of the following:
(1) Any office of a bank organized under the laws of this state.
(2) Any office of a foreign (other state) bank that maintains an
office in this state.
(3) Any office of a foreign (other nation) bank that maintains an
office in this state.
(c) The officers and employees of every California state bank,
California state trust company, and foreign bank being examined shall
exhibit to the examiners, on request, any or all of its securities,
books, records, and accounts and shall otherwise facilitate the
examination so far as it may be in their power.
(a) Whenever, in the judgment of the commissioner, it is
necessary or advisable to make an extra examination of or to devote
any extraordinary attention to any bank, any foreign bank, or any
office of a foreign bank, he or she has the authority to do so and to
charge and collect from the bank or foreign bank, in the case of an
extra examination, an amount not exceeding seventy-five dollars ($75)
per hour for each examiner engaged in the examination and, in the
case of extraordinary attention, an amount not exceeding the
department's expenses in providing the extraordinary attention,
including, but not limited to, compensation of employees.
(b) Whenever in the judgment of the commissioner it is necessary
or expedient for any examiner engaged in any examination to travel
outside this state, the commissioner may charge for the travel
expenses of the examiner.
(a) The commissioner may by order or regulation grant
exemptions from this section in cases where the commissioner finds
that the requirements of this section are not necessary.
(b) Each California state bank shall, within 90 days after the end
of each fiscal year, or within such extended time as the
commissioner may prescribe, file with the commissioner an audit
report for the fiscal year.
(c) The audit report called for in subdivision (b) shall comply
with all of the following provisions:
(1) The audit report shall contain those audited financial
statements of the bank for or as of the end of the fiscal year
prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles
and any other information that the commissioner may require.
(2) The audit report shall be based upon an audit of the bank
conducted in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards
and any other requirements that the commissioner may prescribe.
(3) The audit report shall be prepared by an independent certified
public accountant or independent public accountant who is not
unsatisfactory to the commissioner.
(4) The audit report shall include or be accompanied by a
certificate or opinion of the independent certified public accountant
or independent public accountant that is satisfactory in form and
content to the commissioner. If the certificate or opinion is
qualified, the commissioner may order the bank to take such action as
the commissioner may find necessary to enable the independent
certified public accountant or independent public accountant to
remove the qualification.
The commissioner, whenever in his or her opinion the condition
of the bank, trust company, or foreign banking corporation is such
as to require such audit, may require any bank, trust company, or
foreign banking corporation to employ a certified public accountant
to make a special audit of the affairs of such bank or trust company
at its expense.
The commissioner, for good cause, at any time and from time to
time may employ appraisers to appraise the value of any investment,
asset, or property held or upon which a lien is held as security for
a loan. The bank, trust company, or foreign banking corporation shall
pay to the commissioner on demand the cost of such appraisal.
The commissioner, a deputy commissioner, and every examiner
assigned to an examination may administer an oath to any person whose
testimony is required for the purposes of any examination authorized
by this division and may by issuance of subpoena compel the
appearance of any person and the production of any evidence for the
purposes of the examination.
Whenever he or she deems it expedient, the commissioner may
call a meeting of the stockholders of any bank or trust company.
Notice of the time and place of the meeting shall be given to each
stockholder by a notice mailed to the stockholder by registered mail
at the stockholder's last known address at least 15 days before the
date of the meeting. Any expenses of such meeting shall be borne by
the bank or trust company.
During any emergency period declared by the President of the
United States, each bank shall conform to any order of the
commissioner directed to it, relating to and conforming with
regulations, limitations, or restrictions which are applicable
thereto prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, the Comptroller
of the Currency, or the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve
System regulating or governing the operations of banks which are
members of the Federal Reserve System.
During any emergency period declared by the Governor no bank
shall transact any banking business except to such extent and subject
to such regulations, limitations, or restrictions as may be
prescribed by the commissioner, which, as to member banks, shall be
as consistent as the exigencies of the situation permit with the
provisions of the Federal Reserve Act and regulations issued
thereunder or, as to insured banks, shall be as consistent as the
exigencies of the situation permit with the rules and regulations
governing banks whose deposits are insured by the Federal Deposit
(a) The commissioner may, in his or her discretion, bring an
action in the name of the people of this state in a superior court to
enjoin a violation of, to enforce compliance with, or to collect a
penalty or other liability imposed under, this division or any
regulation or order issued under this division. The amount of any
penalty or liability collected shall be deposited into the State
Banking Account in the Financial Institutions Fund. Upon a proper
showing, a permanent or preliminary injunction, restraining order, or
writ of mandate shall be granted, and a monitor, receiver,
conservator, or other designated fiduciary or officer of the court
may be appointed for the defendant or the defendant's assets, or
other appropriate relief may be granted.
(b) A receiver, monitor, conservator, or other designated
fiduciary officer of the court appointed by the superior court
pursuant to this section may, with the approval of the court,
exercise all of the powers of the defendant's officers, directors,
partners, trustees, or of persons who exercise similar powers and
perform similar duties, including the filing of a petition for
bankruptcy. No action at law or in equity may be maintained by any
party against the commissioner, or a receiver, monitor, conservator,
or any other designated fiduciary officer of the court by reason of
their exercising these powers or performing these duties pursuant to
the order of, or with the approval of, the superior court.
(c) If the commissioner determines it is in the public interest,
the commissioner may include in an action authorized by subdivision
(a), a claim for ancillary relief, including, but not limited to, a
claim for restitution, disgorgement, or damages on behalf of the
person injured by the act or practice that is the subject matter of
the action. The court has jurisdiction to award additional relief.
(d) The provision of subdivision (a) that authorizes the
appointment of a monitor, receiver, conservator, or other designated
fiduciary or officer of the court, and subdivisions (b) and (c) do
not apply to any of the following:
(1) A state bank that is authorized by the commissioner to
transact commercial banking or trust business.
(2) A national bank.
(3) A foreign (other state) bank that maintains a branch office in
this state in accordance with federal law, the law of this state,
and the law of the bank's domicile.
(4) A foreign (other nation) bank that is licensed by the
commissioner to maintain a branch office or agency, as defined in
Section 1750, in this state.
(5) A foreign (other nation) bank that maintains a federal branch
or agency, as defined in Section 1750, in this state.
(e) The provisions of this section that authorize the commissioner
to bring actions and seek relief are not intended to, and do not,
affect any right that any other person may have to bring the same or
similar actions, or to seek the same or similar relief.