Chapter 1. General Provisions And Definitions of California Health And Safety Code >> Division 13. >> Part 1. >> Chapter 1.
This part shall be known as the Employee Housing Act.
Buildings used for human habitation, and buildings accessory
thereto, within employee housing shall comply with the building
standards published in the State Building Standards Code relating to
employee housing and with the other regulations adopted pursuant to
this part, unless a local ordinance prescribing minimum standards
adopted in accordance with Sections 17958.5 and 17958.7 which is
equal to such regulations is applicable. Notwithstanding the
provisions of Section 17050, if such a local ordinance is applicable
to buildings used for human habitation, and buildings accessory
thereto, within employee housing, these buildings shall comply with
the construction and erection provisions of the ordinance.
The provisions of this part are not intended to prevent the
use of any material, appliance, installation, device, arrangement, or
method of construction not specifically prescribed by this part if
such alternate has been approved by the Department of Housing and
The Department of Housing and Community Development may approve
any such alternate if it finds that the proposed design is
satisfactory and that the material, appliance, installation, device,
arrangement, or method of construction offered is, for the purpose
intended, at least the equivalent of that prescribed in this part in
quality, strength, effectiveness, fire resistance, durability and
safety, for the protection of life and health.
This section shall not apply to a local ordinance which is
applicable pursuant to Section 17001.
"Commission," as used in this part, means the Commission of
Housing and Community Development.
Any reference in this division to the Commission of
Housing and Community Development shall be deemed to be to the
Department of Housing and Community Development and the department
may exercise all the powers and shall perform all the duties of the
"Department," as used in this part, means the Department of
Housing and Community Development.
"Employee," as used in this part, does not include any of
(a) A person engaged in household domestic service.
(b) A person employed under circumstances in which his wages are
incidental to professional training and where the employer is exempt
from taxation under subdivision (b) of Section 4 of Article XIII of
the California Constitution.
(c) A person employed incidental to training for, or in
furtherance of, a religious vocation and where the employer is exempt
from taxation under subdivision (f) of Section 3 of Article XIII of
the California Constitution.
(a) "Employee community housing" means a community of
single family detached dwellings which meet all of the following
(1) Each dwelling has a minimum of four rooms, including a
separate kitchen and a separate bathroom.
(2) Each dwelling is owned or operated by an employer, and
maintained by such employer in compliance with the provisions of the
State Housing Law, and the regulations adopted pursuant thereto,
which materially affect health and safety.
(3) Each dwelling is inhabited by not more than one family, which
includes at least one permanent year-round employee of the employer
who owns or operates the dwelling.
(4) Each dwelling has direct access to a publicly owned and
(5) Each dwelling is located within a community, as defined in
(b) "Community" means not less than 200 single family detached
dwellings meeting the requirements of subdivision (a), which are
adjacent or in close proximity to each other, and which have
maintenance services available to the residents of the dwelling units
provided by persons employed by the employer for the express purpose
of providing such services.
"Resident-employment housing," as used in this part, means
apartment houses, hotels, motels, or dwellings, where living quarters
are provided for five or more employees employed in the management,
maintenance, or operation of an apartment house, hotel, motel, or
"Enforcement agency," as used in this part, means the
Department of Housing and Community Development, or any city, county,
or city and county which has assumed responsibility for the
enforcement of this part, pursuant to Section 17050.
(a) "Employee housing," as used in this part, means any
portion of any housing accommodation, or property upon which a
housing accommodation is located, if all of the following factors
(1) The accommodations consist of any living quarters, dwelling,
boardinghouse, tent, bunkhouse, maintenance-of-way car, mobilehome,
manufactured home, recreational vehicle, travel trailer, or other
housing accommodations, maintained in one or more buildings or one or
more sites, and the premises upon which they are situated or the
area set aside and provided for parking of mobilehomes or camping of
five or more employees by the employer.
(2) The accommodations are maintained in connection with any work
or place where work is being performed, whether or not rent is
(b) (1) "Employee housing," as used in this part, also includes
any portion of any housing accommodation or property upon which
housing accommodations are located, if all of the following factors
(A) The housing accommodations or property are located in any
rural area, as defined by Section 50101.
(B) The housing accommodations or property are not maintained in
connection with any work or workplace.
(C) The housing accommodations or property are provided by someone
other than an agricultural employer, as defined in Section 1140.4 of
the Labor Code.
(D) The housing accommodations or property are used by five or
more agricultural employees of any agricultural employer or employers
for any of the following:
(i) Temporary or seasonal residency.
(ii) Permanent residency, if the housing accommodation is a
mobilehome, manufactured home, travel trailer, or recreational
(iii) Permanent residency, if the housing accommodation is subject
to the State Housing Law and is more than 30 years old and at least
51 percent of the structures in the housing accommodation, or 51
percent of the accommodation if not separated into units, are
occupied by agricultural employees.
(E) "Employee housing" does not include a hotel, motel, inn,
tourist hotel, multifamily dwelling, or single-family house if all of
the following factors exist:
(i) The housing is offered and rented to nonagricultural employees
on the same terms that it is offered and rented to agricultural
(ii) None of the occupants of the housing are employed by the
owner or property manager of the housing or any party with an
interest in the housing.
(iii) None of the occupants of the housing have rent deducted from
(iv) The owner or property manager of the housing is not an
agricultural employer as defined in Section 1140.4 of the Labor Code,
or an agent, as it relates to the housing in question, of an
(v) Negotiation of the terms of occupancy of the housing is
conducted between each occupant and the owner of the housing or
between each occupant and a manager of the property who is employed
by the owner of the housing.
(vi) The occupants are not required to live in the housing as a
condition of employment or of securing employment and the occupants
are not referred to live in the housing by the employer of the
occupants, the agent of the employer of the occupants, or an
agricultural employer as defined in Section 1140.4 of the Labor Code.
(vii) The housing accommodation was not at any time prior to
January 1, 1984, employee housing as defined in subdivision (a).
(2) "Employee housing," as defined by this subdivision, does not
include a hotel, motel, inn, tourist hotel, or permanent housing as
defined by subdivision (d) of Section 17010, which has not been
maintained, prior to January 1, 1984, or is not maintained on or
after that date, as employee housing, as defined in subdivision (a).
(3) If at any time prior to January 1, 1984, a housing
accommodation was employee housing, as defined in subdivision (a),
and on or after January 1, 1984, was employee housing, as defined in
this subdivision, the owner and operator shall comply with all
requirements of this part. The owner and operator of any other
housing accommodation which is employee housing pursuant to this
subdivision shall be subject to the licensing and inspection
provisions of this part and shall comply with all other provisions of
this part, except that if any portion of the housing accommodation
is held out for rent or lease to the general public, the construction
and physical maintenance standards of the housing accommodation
shall be consistent with the applicable provisions of the State
Housing Law, Part 1.5 (commencing with Section 17910), the
Mobilehome-Manufactured Homes Act, Part 2 (commencing with Section
18000); or the Mobilehome Parks Act, Part 2.1 (commencing with
Section 18200). The owner or operator of the employee housing shall
designate all units or spaces which are employee housing, as defined
in this subdivision, for the purpose of inspection and licensing by
the enforcement agency, subject to confirmation by the enforcement
agency, based on all relevant evidence.
(c) "Employee housing" does not include employee community
housing, as defined by Section 17005.5, which has been granted an
exemption pursuant to Section 17031.3; housing, and the premises upon
which it is situated, owned by a public entity; or privately owned
housing, including ownership by a nonprofit entity, and the premises
upon which it is situated, financed with public funds equaling 50
percent or more of the original development or purchase cost.
(d) "Employee housing" means the same as "labor camp," as that
term may be used in this or other codes and, notwithstanding any
local ordinance to the contrary in a general law or charter city,
county, or city and county, shall be deemed a residential use if it
exists in structures that are single-family houses or apartment
houses as those terms are used in the State Housing Law (Part 1.5
(commencing with Section 17910)).
"Labor supply employee housing," as used in this part, means
any place, area, or piece of land where housing is provided for five
or more employees or prospective employees of another by any
individual, firm, partnership, association, or corporation that, for
a fee or in-kind payment, employs persons to render personal services
for, or under the direction of, a third person, or that recruits,
solicits, supplies, or hires persons on behalf of an employer, and
that, for a fee or in-kind payment, provides in connection therewith
one or more of the following services:
(a) Furnishes board, lodging, or transportation for such employees
or prospective employees.
(b) Supervises, times, checks, counts, weighs, or otherwise
directs or measures the work of such employees.
(c) Disburses wage payments to such employees.
(a) "Person," as used in this part, includes any natural
person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust,
company, joint stock company, corporation, limited liability
company, joint venture, or other organizations of persons.
(b) "Person," as used in this part, may be used interchangeably
with "tenant" or "employee," and those terms are used interchangeably
when the context does not imply an employer or an owner of employee
(a) "Temporary employee housing," as used in this part,
means a labor camp which is not operated on the same site annually
and which is established for one operation and is then removed.
(b) "Seasonal employee housing," as used in this part, means any
camp which is operated annually on the same site and which is
occupied for not more than 180 days in any calendar year.
(c) "Permanent employee housing," as used in this part, means any
labor camp which is not temporary or seasonal.
(d) "Permanent single-family employee housing," as used in this
part, means single-family detached dwellings, mobilehomes, as defined
in Section 18008, manufactured homes, as defined in Section 18007,
or factory-built housing, as defined in Section 19971, constructed
and maintained in accordance with applicable state or federal laws,
including required permits and inspections. Each dwelling shall be
inhabited by only one family, which includes at least one permanent
year-round employee. "Permanent single-family employee housing" does
not include housing accommodations or property, as defined in
subparagraph (D) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section
"Sleeping place," as used in this part, means a dwelling,
bunkhouse, tent, mobilehome, or other structure or shelter in which
employees are housed in any employee housing.