Chapter 8. Inflammable Or Explosive Materials of California Health And Safety Code >> Division 13. >> Part 3. >> Chapter 8.
(a) "Article" as used in this chapter means and includes any
article of wearing apparel, cloth, drapery or other fabric or
material made from or containing any natural or synthetic fiber.
(b) "Vendor" as used in this chapter means any individual, firm or
corporation engaged in the manufacture for sale or the sale of
articles as herein defined.
(c) "Inflammable article" as used in this chapter is any article
made from or containing natural or synthetic fiber and determined by
the Fire Marshal to be so highly inflammable as to constitute a
dangerous risk of fire and hazard of injury to persons and property,
taking into consideration the use or uses for which the article is
made and designed to serve.
(d) It has recently come to notice that of the various natural or
synthetic fibers adapted and adaptable for use in the making of
articles, as herein defined, some are so inflammable as to constitute
a dangerous risk of fire and hazard of injury to persons and
property. Provision should be made for the avoidance of such risks
and hazards by preventing the use of such highly inflammable fibers.
It is not feasible by statute to prescribe more specific tests than
those herein prescribed, for it would appear that none such have yet
been fully developed. It is necessary, therefore, to commit to the
State Fire Marshal the conduct of research in these matters, the
development of tests for these materials, and the administration of
the provisions of this chapter for the prevention of the risks and
the avoidance of the hazards described.
The Fire Marshal of the State of California or any Deputy
State Fire Marshal has right of access to the premises of any vendor
during business hours for the purpose of determining whether
inflammable articles are being manufactured or offered for sale
therein and may take either an entire article or samples thereof in
such quantities as may be necessary for analysis.
Any article or samples taken under the provisions of Section
19811 hereof shall be subjected to tests by the Fire Marshal and
determination made by him as to whether or not the article or samples
are inflammable articles as defined in Section 19810.
The State Fire Marshal may make such rules and regulations
relating to inflammable articles as defined in Section 19810 as may
reasonably be necessary to effectuate the purposes of this act and
prevent the risk of fire and avoid the hazards of injury to life and
property in this chapter described. He shall mail copies of all rules
and regulations and amendments thereto to all vendors and trade
associations filing a written request for such notification with him.
Any inflammable article in the possession of any vendor in
violation of the rules or regulations of the State Fire Marshal shall
be subject to seizure by the State Fire Marshal or any Deputy State
Fire Marshal. Any inflammable article seized under this section may
be disposed of by the State Fire Marshal by summary destruction at
any time subsequent to 30 days from such seizure or 10 days from the
final termination of proceedings under the provision of Section
19815, whichever is the later.
Any vendor whose property is seized under the provisions of
Section 19814 may within 10 days after such seizure petition the
State Fire Marshal to return the property seized upon the ground that
such property was illegally or erroneously seized. Any petition
filed hereunder shall be considered by the State Fire Marshal within
60 days after filing and an oral hearing granted the petitioner if
requested. Notice of the decision of the Fire Marshal shall be served
upon the petitioner. The Fire Marshal may order the property seized
under this act disposed of or returned to the petitioner if illegally
or erroneously seized. The determination of the Fire Marshal is
final unless within 60 days an action is commenced in a court of
competent jurisdiction in the State of California for the recovery of
the property seized by the Fire Marshal.
Any vendor who knowingly and wilfully violates any rule or
regulation of the Fire Marshal relating to inflammable articles shall
be guilty of a misdemeanor.
No person may manufacture, sell, or exchange, possess with
intent to sell or exchange, or expose or offer for sale or exchange
any eyeglass or sunglass frame made of cellulose nitrate or any other
material whose flammability characteristics approximate those of
cellulose nitrate. Any such frame is an inflammable article.
The State Fire Marshal, with the advice of the State Board
of Fire Services, shall prepare and adopt such flammability standards
and promulgate such regulations, relating to the use of fabric and
fabric-like materials in items including, but not limited to,
examination gowns, sleepwear, sheets, and pillowcases, used in acute
general hospitals and acute psychiatric hospitals, other than in
hospital operating rooms, or in skilled nursing facilities and
intermediate care facilities in the state as he deems necessary for
the protection of the public interest.
Such regulations shall become operative January 1, 1976.
Any violation of the regulations promulgated by the State Fire
Marshal pursuant to this section shall be a misdemeanor.