Article 14. Green Chemistry of California Health And Safety Code >> Division 20. >> Chapter 6.5. >> Article 14.
For purposes of this article, the following definitions
(a) "Clearinghouse" means the Toxics Information Clearinghouse
established pursuant to Section 25256.
(b) "Council" means the California Environmental Policy Council
established pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 71017 of the
Public Resources Code.
(c) "Office" means Office of Environmental Health Hazard
(d) "Panel" means the Green Ribbon Science Panel established
pursuant to Section 25254.
(e) "Consumer product" means a product or part of the product that
is used, brought, or leased for use by a person for any purposes.
"Consumer product" does not include any of the following:
(1) A dangerous drug or dangerous device as defined in Section
4022 of the Business of Professions Code.
(2) Dental restorative materials as defined in subdivision (b) of
Section 1648.20 of the Business and Professions Code.
(3) A device as defined in Section 4023 of the Business of
(4) A food as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 109935.
(5) The packaging associated with any of the items specified in
paragraph (1), (2), or (3).
(6) A pesticide as defined in Section 12753 of the Food and
Agricultural Code or the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and
Rodenticide (7 United States Code Sections 136 and following).
(f) This section shall become effective on January 1, 2012.
(a) On or before January 1, 2011, the department shall adopt
regulations to establish a process to identify and prioritize those
chemicals or chemical ingredients in consumer products that may be
considered as being a chemical of concern, in accordance with the
review process specified in Section 25252.5. The department shall
adopt these regulations in consultation with the office and all
appropriate state agencies and after conducting one or more public
workshops for which the department provides public notice and
provides an opportunity for all interested parties to comment. The
regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall establish an
identification and prioritization process that includes, but is not
limited to, all of the following considerations:
(1) The volume of the chemical in commerce in this state.
(2) The potential for exposure to the chemical in a consumer
(3) Potential effects on sensitive subpopulations, including
infants and children.
(b) (1) In adopting regulations pursuant to this section, the
department shall develop criteria by which chemicals and their
alternatives may be evaluated. These criteria shall include, but not
be limited to, the traits, characteristics, and endpoints that are
included in the clearinghouse data pursuant to Section 25256.1.
(2) In adopting regulations pursuant to this section, the
department shall reference and use, to the maximum extent feasible,
available information from other nations, governments, and
authoritative bodies that have undertaken similar chemical
prioritization processes, so as to leverage the work and costs
already incurred by those entities and to minimize costs and maximize
benefits for the state's economy.
(3) Paragraph (2) does not require the department, when adopting
regulations pursuant to this section, to reference and use only the
available information specified in paragraph (2).
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (f), the department,
in adopting the regulations pursuant to Sections 25252 and 25253,
shall prepare a multimedia life cycle evaluation conducted by
affected agencies and coordinated by the department, and shall submit
the regulations and the multimedia life cycle evaluation to the
council for review.
(b) The multimedia evaluation shall be based on the best available
scientific data, written comments submitted by interested persons,
and information collected by the department in preparation for
adopting the regulations, and shall address, but is not limited to,
the impacts associated with all the following:
(1) Emissions of air pollutants, including ozone forming
compounds, particulate matter, toxic air contaminants, and greenhouse
(2) Contamination of surface water, groundwater, and soil.
(3) Disposal or use of the byproducts and waste materials.
(4) Worker safety and impacts to public health.
(5) Other anticipated impacts to the environment.
(c) The council shall complete its review of the multimedia
evaluation within 90 calendar days following notice from the
department that it intends to adopt regulations. If the council
determines that the proposed regulations will cause a significant
adverse impact on the public health or the environment, or that
alternatives exist that would be less adverse, the council shall
recommend alternative measures that the department or other state
agencies may take to reduce the adverse impact on public health or
the environment. The council shall make all information relating to
its review available to the public.
(d) Within 60 days of receiving notification from the council of a
determination of significant adverse impact, the department shall
adopt revisions to the proposed regulation to avoid or reduce the
adverse impact, or the affected agencies shall take appropriate
action that will, to the extent feasible, mitigate the adverse impact
so that, on balance, there is no significant adverse impact on
public health or the environment.
(e) In coordinating a multimedia evaluation pursuant to
subdivision (a), the department shall consult with other boards and
departments within the California Environmental Protection Agency,
the State Department of Public Health, the State and Consumer
Services Agency, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department
of Industrial Relations, and other state agencies with responsibility
for, or expertise regarding, impacts that could result from the
production, use, or disposal of consumer products and the ingredients
they may contain.
(f) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the department may adopt
regulations pursuant to Sections 25252 and 25253 without subjecting
the proposed regulation to a multimedia evaluation if the council,
following an initial evaluation of the proposed regulation,
conclusively determines that the regulation will not have any
significant adverse impact on public health or the environment.
(g) For the purposes of this section, "multimedia life cycle
evaluation" means the identification and evaluation of a significant
adverse impact on public health or the environment, including air,
water, or soil, that may result from the production, use, or disposal
of a consumer product or consumer product ingredient.
(a) (1) On or before January 1, 2011, the department shall
adopt regulations pursuant to this section that establish a process
for evaluating chemicals of concern in consumer products, and their
potential alternatives, to determine how best to limit exposure or to
reduce the level of hazard posed by a chemical of concern, in
accordance with the review process specified in Section 25252.5. The
department shall adopt these regulations in consultation with all
appropriate state agencies and after conducting one or more public
workshops for which the department provides public notice and
provides an opportunity for all interested parties to comment.
(2) The regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall
establish a process that includes an evaluation of the availability
of potential alternatives and potential hazards posed by those
alternatives, as well as an evaluation of critical exposure pathways.
This process shall include life cycle assessment tools that take
into consideration, but shall not be limited to, all of the
(A) Product function or performance.
(B) Useful life.
(C) Materials and resource consumption.
(D) Water conservation.
(E) Water quality impacts.
(F) Air emissions.
(G) Production, in-use, and transportation energy inputs.
(H) Energy efficiency.
(I) Greenhouse gas emissions.
(J) Waste and end-of-life disposal.
(K) Public health impacts, including potential impacts to
sensitive subpopulations, including infants and children.
(L) Environmental impacts.
(M) Economic impacts.
(b) The regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall specify
the range of regulatory responses that the department may take
following the completion of the alternatives analysis, including, but
not limited to, any of the following actions:
(1) Not requiring any action.
(2) Imposing requirements to provide additional information needed
to assess a chemical of concern and its potential alternatives.
(3) Imposing requirements on the labeling or other type of
consumer product information.
(4) Imposing a restriction on the use of the chemical of concern
in the consumer product.
(5) Prohibiting the use of the chemical of concern in the consumer
(6) Imposing requirements that control access to or limit
exposure to the chemical of concern in the consumer product.
(7) Imposing requirements for the manufacturer to manage the
product at the end of its useful life, including recycling or
responsible disposal of the consumer product.
(8) Imposing a requirement to fund green chemistry challenge
grants where no feasible safer alternative exists.
(9) Any other outcome the department determines accomplishes the
requirements of this article.
(c) The department, in developing the processes and regulations
pursuant to this section, shall ensure that the tools available are
in a form that allows for ease of use and transparency of
application. The department shall also make every feasible effort to
devise simplified and accessible tools that consumer product
manufacturers, consumer product distributors, product retailers, and
consumers can use to make consumer product manufacturing, sales, and
(a) In implementing this article, the department shall
establish a Green Ribbon Science Panel. The panel shall be composed
of members whose expertise shall encompass all of the following
(2) Chemical engineering.
(3) Environmental law.
(5) Public policy.
(6) Pollution prevention.
(7) Cleaner production methods.
(8) Environmental health.
(9) Public health.
(10) Risk analysis.
(11) Materials science.
(13) Chemical synthesis.
(15) Maternal and child health.
(b) The department shall appoint all members to the panel on or
before July 1, 2009. The department shall appoint the members for
staggered three-year terms, and may reappoint a member for additional
terms, without limitation.
(c) The panel shall meet as often as the department deems
necessary, with consideration of available resources, but not less
than twice each year. The department shall provide for staff and
administrative support to the panel.
(d) The panel meetings shall be open to the public and are subject
to the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Article 9 (commencing with
Section 11120) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the
The panel may take any of the following actions:
(a) Advise the department and the council on scientific and
technical matters in support of the goals of this article of
significantly reducing adverse health and environmental impacts of
chemicals used in commerce, as well as the overall costs of those
impacts to the state's society, by encouraging the redesign of
consumer products, manufacturing processes, and approaches.
(b) Assist the department in developing green chemistry and
chemicals policy recommendations and implementation strategies and
details, and ensure these recommendations are based on a strong
(c) Advise the department and make recommendations for chemicals
the panel views as priorities for which hazard traits and
toxicological end-point data should be collected.
(d) Advise the department in the adoption of regulations required
by this article.
(e) Advise the department on any other pertinent matter in
implementing this article, as determined by the department.
The department shall establish the Toxics Information
Clearinghouse, which shall provide a decentralized, Web-based system
for the collection, maintenance, and distribution of specific
chemical hazard trait and environmental and toxicological end-point
data. The department shall make the clearinghouse accessible to the
public through a single Internet Web portal, and, shall, to the
maximum extent possible, operate the clearinghouse at the least
possible cost to the state.
On or before January 1, 2011, the office shall evaluate
and specify the hazard traits and environmental and toxicological
end-points and any other relevant data that are to be included in the
clearinghouse. The office shall conduct this evaluation in
consultation with the department and all appropriate state agencies,
after one or more public workshops, and an opportunity for all
interested parties to comment. The office may seek information from
other states, the federal government, and other nations in
implementing this section.
(a) The department shall develop requirements and
standards related to the design of the clearinghouse and data quality
and test methods that govern the data that is eligible to be
available through the clearinghouse.
(b) The department may phase in the access to eligible information
and data in the clearinghouse as that information and data become
(c) The department shall ensure the clearinghouse is capable of
displaying updated information as new data becomes available.
The department shall consult with other states, the
federal government, and other nations to identify available data
related to hazard traits and environmental and toxicological
end-points, and to facilitate the development of regional, national,
and international data sharing arrangements to be included in the
(a) A person providing information pursuant to this article
may, at the time of submission, identify a portion of the information
submitted to the department as a trade secret and, upon the written
request of the department, shall provide support for the claim that
the information is a trade secret. Except as provided in subdivision
(d), a state agency shall not release to the public, subject
information supplied pursuant to this article that is a trade secret,
and that is so identified at the time of submission, in accordance
with Section 6254.7 of the Government Code and Section 1060 of the
(b) This section does not prohibit the exchange of a properly
designated trade secret between public agencies, if the trade secret
is relevant and necessary to the exercise of the agency's
jurisdiction and the public agency exchanging the trade secrets
complies with this section. An employee of the department that has
access to a properly designated trade secret shall maintain the
confidentiality of that trade secret by complying with this section.
(c) Information not identified as a trade secret pursuant to
subdivision (a) shall be available to the public unless exempted from
disclosure by other provisions of law. The fact that information is
claimed to be a trade secret is public information.
(d) (1) Upon receipt of a request for the release of information
that has been claimed to be a trade secret, the department shall
immediately notify the person who submitted the information. Based on
the request, the department shall determine whether or not the
information claimed to be a trade secret is to be released to the
(2) The department shall make the determination specified in
paragraph (1), no later than 60 days after the date the department
receives the request for disclosure, but not before 30 days following
the notification of the person who submitted the information.
(3) If the department decides that the information requested
pursuant to this subdivision should be made public, the department
shall provide the person who submitted the information 30 days'
notice prior to public disclosure of the information, unless, prior
to the expiration of the 30-day period, the person who submitted the
information obtains an action in an appropriate court for a
declaratory judgment that the information is subject to protection
under this section or for a preliminary injunction prohibiting
disclosure of the information to the public and promptly notifies the
department of that action.
(e) This section does not authorize a person to refuse to disclose
to the department information required to be submitted to the
department pursuant to this article.
(f) This section does not apply to hazardous trait submissions for
chemicals and chemical ingredients pursuant to this article.
(a) This article does not limit and shall not be construed
to limit the department's or any other department's or agency's
existing authority over hazardous materials.
(b) This article does not authorize the department to supersede
the regulatory authority of any other department or agency.
(c) The department shall not duplicate or adopt conflicting
regulations for product categories already regulated or subject to
pending regulation consistent with the purposes of this article.