Article 5. Powers of California Health And Safety Code >> Division 5. >> Part 3. >> Chapter 5. >> Article 5.

Any district may acquire, construct, and operate works within or without its limits.
It may acquire by gift, purchase, condemnation, or otherwise, all lands, rights of way, or other property necessary therefor.
It may issue and sell bonds for the acquisition and construction of works.
The governing body shall have supervision and control over the construction, acquisition, and operation of the works, and the collection of rates for their use.
The governing body may take all steps and proceedings and make and enter into all contracts or agreements necessary, convenient, or incidental to the performance of its duties or the execution of its powers under this chapter.
It may employ engineers, architects, inspectors, superintendents, a manager, collectors, attorneys, and such other employees as in its judgment are necessary or convenient in the execution of its powers and duties, and may fix their compensation.
The governing body shall establish rules and regulations for the use of the works, including all sewers and works connected therewith, as may be necessary or expedient to insure the successful operation of the works.
The governing body shall provide that all public ways or public works damaged or destroyed in carrying out the provisions of this chapter shall be restored or repaired, and placed in their original condition, as nearly as practicable, out of funds provided under this chapter.
In the operation of the works, the district may do any or all of the following:
  (a) Sell, or otherwise dispose of any water, sewage effluent, fertilizer, or other by-products resulting from the operation of a sewerage system or sewage treatment or disposal plant, and construct, maintain, and operate such pipe lines and other works as may be necessary for those purposes.
  (b) Construct, maintain, and operate pipe lines or such other works as may be necessary to conserve and put to beneficial use any water or sewage effluent recovered from the operation of the sewerage system, plant, or works by sale or disposition for agricultural or industrial purposes, including irrigation, or by discharging or spreading the water or sewage effluent in such manner as to percolate into the underground gravels and replenish natural water resources.
  (c) Exercise the power of eminent domain under the Constitution and laws of the State in so far as it may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter.
  (d) Make such contracts with the Reconstruction Finance Corporation or other fiscal agency of the United States as are necessary to meet the requirements of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932.
Whenever any community in the district is provided with a sewerage system under this chapter the governing body having jurisdiction over that community shall declare the further maintenance or use of cesspools or other local means of sewage disposal to be a public nuisance and shall require all buildings inhabited or used by human beings to be connected with the sewerage system, within ninety days from completion, if the buildings to be served thereby are within one hundred feet of the system.
All works acquired or constructed under this chapter where the expense involved exceeds five hundred dollars, shall be done by contract which shall be awarded to the lowest responsible bidder as provided in this chapter. If the bonds are purchased by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation or other fiscal agency of the United States on condition or request that the governing body have the work performed by day labor instead of by contract, the governing body may comply with the condition or request and the work need not be done by contract.
The governing body shall comply with all the conditions and requirements of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932, respecting the employment of labor, and other matters in connection therewith unless they are in conflict with the Constitution and laws of this State.
Before awarding any contract for construction of works the governing body shall cause to be published a notice inviting sealed bids for doing it. The notice shall refer to the plans and specifications on file. It shall be published twice in a daily, semi-weekly, or weekly newspaper, published and circulated in the district, and designated by the governing body. If there is no newspaper published in the district, and the district is less than a county, the notice shall be published in a newspaper in the county in which the district is located. The time fixed for receiving bids shall be not less than ten days from the first publication of the notice.
All bids shall be accompanied by a certified check payable to the district for an amount that is not less than ten per cent of the aggregate of the bid. No bid shall be considered unless accompanied by the check.
The bids shall be delivered to the clerk. The governing body shall, in open session, publicly open, examine, and declare them.
The governing body may reject all bids if it deems this for the public good, and shall reject all bids other than the lowest regular responsible bidder, and may award the contract to him at the price named in his bid.
If the bids are rejected or if no bids are received, the governing body may readvertise for bids as in the first instance without further proceedings.
If the successful bidder fails, neglects, or refuses for twenty days after written notice of the award has been mailed him to enter into the contract to perform the work, the check accompanying his bid, and the amount therein named, shall be declared forfeited to the district, and shall be collected by it and paid into its general fund.
Each contractor shall, at the time of entering into the contract, execute a surety bond to the satisfaction and approval of the governing body in a sum not less than twenty-five per cent of the amount of the contract, conditioned upon its faithful performance.
The contract shall provide that the work shall be commenced within twenty days after the contractor has received written notice from the clerk that there is sufficient money or revenue bonds in the special fund provided to pay the contract price.
At the time of entering into the contract the contractor shall execute, deliver, and file with the governing body a good and sufficient surety bond, in a sum not less than one-half the total amount payable by the terms of the contract, conditioned upon the payment by the contractor or his subcontractors, for any and all materials, provisions, provender, other supplies, or teams, or the use of implements or machinery used in, upon, or about the performance of the work.
All provisions of the codes and general laws relating to notice and the foreclosure of such liens are applicable, but suit may only be brought on the bond within six months after the expiration of the period for the filing of verified claims.
In all respects not otherwise provided for in this chapter the bond shall be in conformity with the requirements of the general law of the State regarding contractor's bonds for the benefit of laborers and materialmen, who shall have a first lien against any moneys or bonds due or about to become due the contractor.