Article 4. Improvement Districts of California Health And Safety Code >> Division 6. >> Part 1. >> Chapter 4. >> Article 4.
An improvement district may be formed to undertake any
project for any one or more of the purposes stated in Section 6512
that is of special benefit to the area of such improvement district,
including in any such project, any required investigation, study,
analysis, appraisal or financing plan.
The formation of an improvement district shall be initiated
by a resolution of the district board which shall contain all of the
(a) A description of the proposed boundaries of the improvement
district proposed to be formed.
(b) A brief general description of the project proposed to be
undertaken within such improvement district.
(c) A statement that the proposed project will be a special
benefit to such improvement district.
(d) A statement of the district board's intention to undertake the
(e) An estimate of the cost of the proposed project.
(f) The method by which the proposed project is proposed to be
financed, including the amount of bonded debt, if any, to be
incurred; and, to the extent that the project is to be financed by
taxes levied in such improvement district for purposes other than the
payment of the principal of, and interest on, bonds, the proposed
maximum amount of such tax which may be levied in any year, which
maximum shall not exceed one dollar ($1) per one hundred dollars
($100) of the assessed value of the taxable property in such
(g) The time, place, and date for a hearing by the district board
on the matters stated in such resolution, which shall be not less
than 15 nor more than 60 days after the date of adoption of the
resolution initiating formation proceedings.
The secretary shall give notice of the time and place of
the hearing by causing a copy of the resolution adopted pursuant to
Section 6550.2 to be published for the time provided by Section 6066
of the Government Code in a newspaper of general circulation,
circulated in the proposed improvement district, but if there is no
such newspaper, then in one circulated in the county in which the
proposed improvement district is situated. The secretary shall also
mail copies of the resolution to all landowners owning land within
the proposed improvement district.
The hearing on the proposed improvement district shall be
held by the board of directors upon the date and at the time
specified in the resolution initiating proceedings. At the hearing
the board of directors shall hear and receive any oral or written
protests, objections, or evidence which shall be made, presented, or
filed. Any person who shall have filed a written protest may withdraw
the same at any time prior to the conclusion of the hearing.
The district board shall have power to change the
boundaries of the proposed improvement district, the project to be
undertaken, the estimate of the cost of the project, the method by
which the project is to be financed, or any two or more of such
matters; provided, however, that the board shall not change such
boundaries so as to include any territory which will not, in its
judgment, be benefited by such improvement and shall exclude from the
proposed improvement district any territory which it finds will not
be benefited by inclusion therein.
If the district board proposes to change the boundaries of
the proposed improvement district by adding territory thereto, the
project, the estimate of cost, or the method by which the project is
to be financed or to increase the proposed maximum amount of the tax,
it shall state the proposed change and the time and place for a
hearing thereon in a resolution and give notice of such hearing in
the manner required by Section 6550.3. At the time and place fixed
for the hearing, or at any time and place to which the hearing is
adjourned, the district board shall continue with the hearing. At the
hearing any person interested, including any person owning property
within the district or within the proposed improvement district, may
appear and present any matters material to the changes stated in the
If prior to the conclusion of the hearing written protests
against the formation of the proposed improvement district or the
proposed project signed by the current holders of title to taxable
property within the proposed improvement district which, as shown by
the last equalized assessment roll, constitutes more than one-half of
the total assessed value of taxable property within the proposed
improvement district, are filed with the district board, further
proceedings relating to the proposed improvement district and the
proposed project shall be terminated and no proceedings for the
formation of any improvement district to undertake the proposed
project shall be instituted for a period of six months following the
date of the conclusion of the hearing.
Where taxable property is owned in joint tenancy, tenancy in
common, or any other multiple ownership, the first one of such owners
who signs the written protest shall commit all such property to the
At the conclusion of the hearing, if the proceedings are
not terminated pursuant to Section 6550.7, the district board shall
by resolution determine whether it is deemed necessary to form the
improvement district and to undertake the project and, if so, the
amount of any proposed debt to be incurred to finance the project,
that the exterior boundaries of the portion of the district which
will be benefited are set forth on a map on file with the district
board (which map shall govern for all details as to the extent of the
improvement district), and that such portion of the district set
forth on such map shall thereupon constitute and be known as
"Improvement District No. __ of ____ (name of sanitary district),"
and the determination made in said resolution shall be final and
conclusive. After the formation of such improvement district within a
sanitary district, all proceedings for the purpose of any bond
election for the project for which the improvement district was
formed shall be limited and shall apply only to such improvement
district, and taxes for the payment of such bonds and the interest
thereon, shall be derived exclusively from an annual tax upon the
taxable property in such improvement district.
When the district board has made its determinations as
provided in Section 6550.8, and if the board deems it necessary to
incur a bonded indebtedness to finance the project for which the
improvement district was formed, the board shall by resolution call a
special election in such improvement district for the purpose of
submitting to the qualified voters thereof, the proposition of
incurring such indebtedness by the issuance of bonds of the district
for such improvement district. Such resolution shall state:
(a) That the board deems it necessary to incur the bonded
(b) The purpose for which the bonded indebtedness will be
(c) The amount of debt to be incurred.
(d) The name of the improvement district to be benefited by such
indebtedness, and that a map showing the exterior boundaries of such
improvement district is on file with the district board, which map
shall govern for all details as to the extent of the improvement
(e) That taxes for the payment of such bonds and the interest
thereon shall be derived exclusively from an annual tax upon the
taxable property in such improvement district.
(f) The maximum term the bonds proposed to be issued shall run
before maturity, which shall not exceed 40 years.
(g) The maximum rate of interest to be paid, which shall not be
more than the rate specified in this part for bonds of the district,
payable at the times specified in this chapter for bonds of the
(h) The measure to be submitted to the voters.
(i) The date of the election.
(j) The election precincts, polling places and election officers.
Except as otherwise provided in this article, notice of
the election shall be given and the election shall be held and
conducted in the same manner as elections for the authorization of
bonds of the entire sanitary district, and if two-thirds of the votes
cast are in favor of incurring the bonded indebtedness, as proposed,
bonds of the district, issued in the name of the district and
designated "Bonds of ____ (naming the sanitary district) for
Improvement District No. __", shall be issued and sold for the amount
stated in the resolution calling the election in the same form and
manner as bonds of the entire sanitary district. Each bond of the
district for an improvement district and all interest coupons
thereof, shall state that taxes for the payment thereof shall be
derived exclusively from an annual tax upon the taxable property in
the improvement district.
No irregularities or informalities in conducting such
election shall invalidate the same, if the election shall have
otherwise been fairly conducted. Any action or proceedings, wherein
the validity of the formation of the improvement district or of any
bonds issued for it or of the proceedings in relation thereto is
contested, questioned or denied, shall be commenced within three
months from the date of such election; otherwise, such bonds and all
proceedings in relation thereto, including the formation of the
improvement district, shall be held to be valid and in every respect
legal and incontestable.
Any moneys required to be raised from taxes for the
purpose of paying the principal of and interest on bonds of the
district for an improvement district shall be derived exclusively
from an annual tax upon the taxable property in the improvement
district of such sanitary district, and all the taxable property
within the improvement district of such sanitary district shall be
and remain liable to be taxed for such payments. The district board
shall annually, at the time and in the manner of levying other
district taxes, levy and cause to be collected a tax upon the taxable
property in the improvement district, based upon the last equalized
assessment roll of the district, sufficient to pay the interest on
the bonds for that year and such portion of the principal as is to
become due before the time for making the next general tax levy. Such
bonds and the interest thereon shall not be taxable in this state.
Subject to such limitations as may be contained in the
resolution declaring the improvement district to be formed, the
district board shall have the power in any year to cause taxes to be
levied and collected in any improvement district to finance any
project of such improvement district and to pay the costs of
administration, maintenance, and operation of any works or facilities
of, or for, such improvement district.
The procedure for levying and collecting taxes in any
improvement district shall be the same as is provided in Chapter 7
(commencing at Section 6695) of this part for taxes on property in
All taxes collected pursuant to this article shall be
expended only for the payment of bond principal and interest, or only
for the improvement district project for which levied, except that
any surplus tax proceeds levied otherwise than for payment of bond
principal and interest which remain after the completion of any
improvement district project for which levied shall be transferred to
the bond interest and redemption fund of such improvement district,
if any, otherwise to the district's general fund.
For the purpose of any tax levied under this article, the
properties within any improvement district shall be deemed to be
Territory within a district, but not a part of an
improvement district created pursuant to this article, may be annexed
to such improvement district whether or not contiguous thereto.
Annexation of territory to an improvement district shall
be initiated by a resolution of the district board which shall
contain at least all of the following:
(a) A description of the territory proposed to be annexed.
(b) A statement that the area to be annexed to the improvement
district will be benefited by such annexation.
(c) The time, place, and date for a hearing by the district board
on the proposed annexation, which shall not be less than 15 nor more
than 60 days after the date of adoption of the resolution initiating
(d) Any additional matters which the district board may determine
are necessary or convenient to the annexation proceedings.
The resolution shall be published and notice of the
hearing on the proposed annexation shall be given, in the manner
required by Section 6550.3, except that in applying such section the
words "improvement district" shall mean the territory proposed to be
The hearing on the proposed annexation shall be held in
the manner required by Section 6550.4, except that in applying such
section the words, "improvement district" shall mean the territory
proposed to be annexed.
The district board shall have the power to change the
boundaries of territory proposed to be annexed to an improvement
district, but shall not include any territory which, in its judgment,
will not be benefited by inclusion within the improvement district,
nor shall it exclude any territory which it finds would be benefited
by inclusion within the improvement district.
If the district board proposes to change the boundaries of
the territory proposed to be annexed by adding territory thereto, it
shall give notice thereof in the manner provided in Section 6550.19.
Owners of land within the affected territory shall be given an
opportunity to appear before the district board pursuant to Section
6550.20 and to register any protests.
At the conclusion of the hearing, the district board may,
by resolution, order the annexation to the improvement district of
such territory as it determines will be benefited by inclusion
If all the owners of land within the territory proposed to
be annexed have given their written assent to such annexation, the
board may, by resolution, order such an annexation without notice and
hearing by the board.
After the adoption of a resolution ordering such
annexation, or a resolution confirming an order of annexation
following an election thereon, the secretary shall file a certified
copy thereof with a map of the territory thus annexed with the county
assessor and the county tax collector of each county in which such
annexed territory is situated and with the State Board of
Territory annexed to an improvement district shall be
subject to existing bond issues and indebtedness of the improvement
district from and after the filing with the county assessor specified
in Section 6550.25.