Chapter 3. Smelters And Underground Workings of California Labor Code >> Division 2. >> Part 2. >> Chapter 3.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, no employee
may be employed for a period that exceeds eight hours within any
24-hour period and the hours of employment of any workday shall be
consecutive, excluding intermissions for meals, for all persons who
are employed or engaged in work in any of the following:
(1) Underground mines.
(2) Smelters and plants for the reduction or refining of ores or
(b) No provision of this chapter applies to quarries or other
operations for the extraction of nonmetallic minerals, including, but
not limited to, sand, gravel, and rock.
(c) No provision of this chapter applies to an employee who is
employed in an executive, administrative, or professional capacity,
or employed as an outside salesperson.
Notwithstanding Section 750, an employee may be employed for
a period that exceeds eight hours within a 24-hour period, under the
circumstances specified in subdivision (a), (b), or (c), as follows:
(a) If the employer and a labor organization representing
employees of the employer have entered into a valid collective
bargaining agreement that expressly provides for the wages, hours of
work, and working conditions of the employees.
(b) If a two-thirds majority of the affected employees of that
employer whose hours are regulated by this chapter have voted in an
election to adopt a policy that specifies periods of work that may
exceed eight hours in a 24-hour period, and the employer adopts that
policy, subject to all of the following conditions:
(1) The agreement adopted with respect to that policy reflects the
results of the election.
(2) The election is conducted, at the expense of the employer,
with the use of secret ballots, during regular working hours. Upon
the written request of an employee to his or her employer, or to the
Labor Commissioner, made no later than 10 days prior to the date set
for the election, the employer shall cause the election to be
conducted by a neutral third party with experience in conducting
employee elections. If such a written request is made to the
commissioner pursuant to this paragraph, the commissioner shall not
disclose the identity of the employee and shall notify the employer,
no later than five days prior to the date set for the election, that
the election is required to be conducted by a neutral third party.
Such an election may be conducted by utilizing mail ballots.
(3) All employees of that employer whose hours are regulated by
this chapter and who have become employed by that employer within 24
hours of the time the election is commenced are eligible to vote in
(4) The policy shall be effective for the period specified
therein, not exceeding 12 months.
(5) No later than 14 days prior to the date set for an election,
the employer shall do all of the following:
(A) Provide a written notice to the affected employees that
describes the effects the proposed work schedule would have on the
employees' wages, hours, and benefits, and the employees' rights
under this chapter, including the right to request that the election
be conducted by a neutral third party pursuant to this section, and
to file a complaint against the employer pursuant to this chapter.
(B) Provide a written statement to the affected employees,
prepared by a neutral source knowledgeable in health and safety
matters and unaffiliated with the employer, that explains any health
and safety considerations of extended work shifts.
(C) Hold informational meetings for the affected employees on each
shift during the regular working hours of the affected employees. At
each of these meetings, the employer shall explain the effect of the
proposed policy on the hours and compensation of the employees.
Written notice of the time, date, place, and purpose of these
informational meetings shall be conspicuously posted in at least
three locations throughout the mine site for at least seven
consecutive days before the date of the meetings. Written notice of
the time, date, place, and purpose of the election shall be posted in
the same manner and for the same period. Failure to comply with the
procedural requirements of this paragraph shall void the results of
the election for purposes of this section.
(6) Any employer that establishes a regular scheduled workday
pursuant to this subdivision shall make a reasonable attempt to place
an employee, who was eligible to participate in the election that
authorized an extended workday schedule and who is unable or
unwilling to work the extended schedule, in an alternative work
assignment that the employee is capable of performing. An employer
shall not be required to offer an alternative work assignment to an
employee if an alternative work assignment that the employee is
capable of performing is not available or if the employee commenced
his or her employment after the election.
(c) On the day a scheduled change of shift takes effect.
In the case of an emergency where life or property is in
imminent danger, the work shift may be extended during the
continuance of the emergency.
Where emergency repairs to, or maintenance or replacement
of, machinery or equipment are necessary for the continuous operation
thereof, the hours that an employee may be engaged in performing the
emergency repairs, maintenance, or replacement, may, during the
pendency of the emergency, exceed the period specified in Section
(a) Notwithstanding Section 750, the period of employment
may exceed eight hours in any 24-hour period if the employee is paid
at the overtime rate of pay for hours worked in excess of that
employee's regularly scheduled shift and for hours worked in excess
of 40 hours in a seven-day period. Unless regularly scheduled shifts
are established pursuant to Section 750.5, overtime rates of pay
shall be paid for all hours worked in excess of those hours
prescribed by Section 750 as the maximum allowable hours of
(b) All work performed in any workday in excess of the scheduled
hours established by an agreement pursuant to subdivision (b) of
Section 750.5 up to and including 12 hours, or in excess of 40 hours
in a workweek, shall be compensated at one and one-half times the
employee's regular rate of compensation. All work performed in any
workday in excess of 12 hours shall be compensated at double the
employee's regular rate of compensation. No hours that are
compensated at either one and one-half times, or double, the regular
rate of compensation shall be included in determining the number of
hours an employee has worked in a workweek for purposes of computing
(a) Any affected employee, or his or her representative, may
file a complaint with the Labor Commissioner concerning the conduct
of an election pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 750.5 within 14
days following notice of the outcome of the election. The Labor
Commissioner shall investigate the complaint and shall invalidate the
election if the commissioner finds that misconduct has occurred that
could have affected the outcome of the election. If the election is
invalidated, the commissioner shall prohibit the employer from
conducting a similar election for a period of 12 months.
(b) Any employer, or representative of an employer, that violates
Section 750 or 751.8 shall be subject to a civil penalty as follows:
(1) For any initial violation that is intentionally committed, one
hundred dollars ($100) for each affected employee for each violation
for each pay period.
(2) For each subsequent violation for the same offense, two
hundred dollars ($200) for each violation for each affected employee
for each pay period, regardless of whether the initial violation is
(c) If the Labor Commissioner determines that an employer has
failed to comply with paragraph (6) of subdivision (b) of Section
750.5, the Labor Commissioner shall order the employer to comply. The
order, in appropriate cases, shall include provisions for
reinstatement and backpay.
(d) An employer shall not retaliate in any way against an employee
for exercising any right pursuant to this chapter.
The provisions of this chapter are severable. If any
provision of this chapter or its application is held invalid, that
invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications that can
be given effect without the invalid provision or application.