Article 1. Duties Of The Department of California Penal Code >> Title 3. >> Part 4. >> Chapter 1. >> Article 1.
(a) All statewide automated fingerprint identification
systems shall be maintained by the Department of Justice. For
purposes of this section, "automated fingerprint identification
system" means electronic comparison of fingerprints to a data base of
(b) Any state agency is exempted from this section if the agency's
director finds that the automated identification system needed to
meet programmatic requirements is less costly than an identical
system available through an interagency agreement with the Department
of Justice, or is not provided by the Department of Justice.
(c) Information contained in these systems shall be released to
state agencies only on a need-to-know basis pursuant to any of the
(1) Statutory authorization to the extent permitted by federal
(2) A court order or decision that requires release of the
(3) An interagency agreement with the Department of Justice to
develop and operate a system.
(d) The department may charge a fee to be paid by the agency for
the actual cost of supporting the service.
It shall be the duty of the department:
(a) To collect data necessary for the work of the department from
all persons and agencies mentioned in Section 13020 and from any
other appropriate source.
(b) To prepare and distribute to all those persons and agencies,
cards, forms, or electronic means used in reporting data to the
department. The cards, forms, or electronic means may, in addition to
other items, include items of information needed by federal bureaus
or departments engaged in the development of national and uniform
(c) To recommend the form and content of records which must be
kept by those persons and agencies in order to ensure the correct
reporting of data to the department.
(d) To instruct those persons and agencies in the installation,
maintenance, and use of those records and in the reporting of data
therefrom to the department.
(e) To process, tabulate, analyze and interpret the data collected
from those persons and agencies.
(f) To supply, at their request, to federal bureaus or departments
engaged in the collection of national criminal statistics data they
need from this state.
(g) To present to the Governor, on or before July 1st, an annual
report containing the criminal statistics of the preceding calendar
year and to present at other times as the Attorney General may
approve reports on special aspects of criminal statistics. A
sufficient number of copies of all reports shall be prepared to
enable the Attorney General to send a copy to all public officials in
the state dealing with criminals and to distribute them generally in
channels where they will add to the public enlightenment.
(h) To periodically review the requirements of units of government
using criminal justice statistics, and to make recommendations for
changes it deems necessary in the design of criminal justice
statistics systems, including new techniques of collection and
processing made possible by automation.
The department shall collect data pertaining to the
juvenile justice system for criminal history and statistical
purposes. This information shall serve to assist the department in
complying with the reporting requirement of subdivisions (c) and (d)
of Section 13012, measuring the extent of juvenile delinquency,
determining the need for and effectiveness of relevant legislation,
and identifying long-term trends in juvenile delinquency. Any data
collected pursuant to this section may include criminal history
information which may be used by the department to comply with the
requirements of Section 602.5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
The department may serve as statistical and research agency
to the Department of Corrections, the Board of Prison Terms, the
Board of Corrections, the Department of the Youth Authority, and the
Youthful Offender Parole Board.
(a) The annual report of the department provided for in
Section 13010 shall contain statistics showing all of the following:
(1) The amount and the types of offenses known to the public
(2) The personal and social characteristics of criminals and
(3) The administrative actions taken by law enforcement, judicial,
penal, and correctional agencies or institutions, including those in
the juvenile justice system, in dealing with criminals or
(4) The administrative actions taken by law enforcement,
prosecutorial, judicial, penal, and correctional agencies, including
those in the juvenile justice system, in dealing with minors who are
the subject of a petition or hearing in the juvenile court to
transfer their case to the jurisdiction of an adult criminal court or
whose cases are directly filed or otherwise initiated in an adult
(5) (A) The total number of each of the following:
(i) Citizen complaints received by law enforcement agencies under
(ii) Citizen complaints alleging criminal conduct of either a
felony or misdemeanor.
(iii) Citizen complaints alleging racial or identity profiling, as
defined in subdivision (e) of Section 13519.4. These statistics
shall be disaggregated by the specific type of racial or identity
profiling alleged, such as based on a consideration of race, color,
ethnicity, national origin, religion, gender identity or expression,
sexual orientation, or mental or physical disability.
(B) The statistics reported under this paragraph shall provide,
for each category of complaint identified under subparagraph (A), the
number of complaints within each of the following disposition
(i) "Sustained," which means that the investigation disclosed
sufficient evidence to prove the truth of allegation in the complaint
by preponderance of evidence.
(ii) "Exonerated," which means that the investigation clearly
established that the actions of the personnel that formed the basis
of the complaint are not a violation of law or agency policy.
(iii) "Not sustained," which means that the investigation failed
to disclose sufficient evidence to clearly prove or disprove the
allegation in the complaint.
(iv) "Unfounded," which means that the investigation clearly
established that the allegation is not true.
(C) The reports under subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall be made
available to the public and disaggregated for each individual law
(b) It shall be the duty of the department to give adequate
interpretation of the statistics and so to present the information
that it may be of value in guiding the policies of the Legislature
and of those in charge of the apprehension, prosecution, and
treatment of the criminals and delinquents, or concerned with the
prevention of crime and delinquency. The report shall also include
statistics which are comparable with national uniform criminal
statistics published by federal bureaus or departments heretofore
(c) Each year, on an annual basis, the Racial and Identity
Profiling Board (RIPA), established pursuant to paragraph (1) of
subdivision (j) of Section 13519.4, shall analyze the statistics
reported pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (5) of
subdivision (a) of this section. RIPA's analysis of the complaints
shall be incorporated into its annual report as required by paragraph
(3) of subdivision (j) of Section 13519.4. The reports shall not
disclose the identity of peace officers.
(a) The annual report published by the department under
Section 13010 shall, in regard to the contents required by
subdivision (d) of Section 13012, include the following statewide
(1) The annual number of fitness hearings held in the juvenile
courts under Section 707 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and
the outcomes of those hearings including orders to remand to adult
criminal court, cross-referenced with information about the age,
gender, ethnicity, and offense of the minors whose cases are the
subject of those fitness hearings.
(2) The annual number of minors whose cases are filed directly in
adult criminal court under Sections 602.5 and 707 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code, cross-referenced with information about the age,
gender, ethnicity, and offense of the minors whose cases are filed
directly to the adult criminal court.
(3) The outcomes of cases involving minors who are prosecuted in
adult criminal courts, regardless of how adult court jurisdiction was
initiated, including whether the minor was acquitted or convicted,
or whether the case was dismissed and returned to juvenile court,
including sentencing outcomes, cross-referenced with the age, gender,
ethnicity, and offense of the minors subject to these court actions.
(b) The department's annual report published under Section 13010
shall include the information described in subdivision (d) of Section
13012, as further delineated by this section, beginning with the
report due on July 1, 2003, for the preceding calendar year.
The annual report published by the department under
Section 13010 shall include information concerning arrests for
violations of Section 530.5.
The department shall maintain a data set, updated annually,
that contains the number of crimes reported, number of clearances and
clearance rates in California as reported by individual law
enforcement agencies. The data set shall be made available through a
prominently displayed hypertext link on the department's Internet Web
site. This section shall not be construed to require reporting any
crimes other than those required by Section 13012.
(a) The Department of Justice shall perform the following
duties concerning the investigation and prosecution of homicide
(1) Collect information, as specified in subdivision (b), on all
persons who are the victims of, and all persons who are charged with,
(2) Adopt and distribute as a written form or by electronic means
to all state and governmental entities that are responsible for the
investigation and prosecution of homicide cases forms that will
include information to be provided to the department pursuant to
(3) Compile, collate, index, and maintain a file of the
information required by subdivision (b). The file shall be available
to the general public during the normal business hours of the
department, and the department shall annually publish a report
containing the information required by this section, which shall also
be available to the general public.
The department shall perform the duties specified in this
subdivision within its existing budget.
(b) Every state or local governmental entity responsible for the
investigation and prosecution of a homicide case shall provide the
department with demographic information about the victim and the
person or persons charged with the crime, including age, gender,
race, and ethnic background.