Article 4. Mentally Ill Offender Crime Reduction Grants of California Penal Code >> Title 7. >> Part 3. >> Chapter 5. >> Article 4.
(a) The Board of State and Community Corrections shall
administer mentally ill offender crime reduction grants on a
competitive basis to counties that expand or establish a continuum of
timely and effective responses to reduce crime and criminal justice
costs related to mentally ill offenders. The grants administered
under this article by the board shall be divided equally between
adult and juvenile mentally ill offender crime reduction grants in
accordance with the funds appropriated for each type of grant. The
grants shall support prevention, intervention, supervision, and
incarceration-based services and strategies to reduce recidivism and
to improve outcomes for mentally ill juvenile and adult offenders.
(b) For purposes of this article, the following terms shall have
the following meanings:
(1) "Board" means the Board of State and Community Corrections.
(2) "Mentally ill adult offenders" means persons described in
subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 5600.3 of the Welfare and
(3) "Mentally ill juvenile offenders" means persons described in
subdivision (a) of Section 5600.3 of the Welfare and Institutions
(a) A county shall be eligible to apply for either an adult
mentally ill offender grant or a juvenile mentally ill offender
grant or both in accordance with all other provisions of this
article. The board shall provide a separate and competitive grant
application and award process for each of the adult and juvenile
mentally ill offender crime reduction grant categories. The board
shall endeavor to assist counties that apply for grants in both
categories in meeting any grant submission requirements that may
overlap between the two categories of grants.
(b) (1) A county that applies for an adult mentally ill offender
grant shall establish a strategy committee to design the grant
application that includes, at a minimum, the sheriff or director of
the county department of corrections in a county where the sheriff
does not administer the county jail system, who shall chair the
committee, and representatives from other local law enforcement
agencies, the chief probation officer, the county mental health
director, a superior court judge, a former offender who is or has
been a client of a mental health treatment facility, and
representatives from organizations that can provide or have provided
treatment or stabilization services for mentally ill offenders,
including treatment, housing, income or job support, and caretaking.
(2) A county that applies for a juvenile mentally ill offender
grant shall establish a strategy committee that includes, at a
minimum, the chief probation officer who shall chair the committee,
representatives from local law enforcement agencies, the county
mental health director, a superior court judge, a client or former
offender who has received juvenile mental health services, and
representatives from organizations that can provide or have provided
treatment or support services for mentally ill juvenile offenders,
including therapy, education, employment, housing, and caretaking
(3) A county that applies for both types of grants may convene a
combined strategy committee that includes the sheriff or jail
administrator and the chief probation officer as cochairs of the
committee, as well as representation from the other agencies,
departments, and disciplines designated in paragraphs (1) and (2) for
both types of committees.
(c) The strategy committee shall develop and describe in its grant
application a comprehensive county plan for providing a
cost-effective continuum of responses and services for mentally ill
adult offenders or mentally ill juvenile offenders, including
prevention, intervention, and incarceration-based services, as
appropriate. The plan shall describe how the responses and services
included in the plan have been proven to be or are designed to be
effective in addressing the mental health needs of the target
offender population, while also reducing recidivism and custody
levels for mentally ill offenders in adult or juvenile detention or
correctional facilities. Strategies for prevention, intervention, and
incarceration-based services in the plan shall include, but not be
limited to, all of the following:
(1) Mental health and substance abuse treatment for mentally ill
adult offenders or mentally ill juvenile offenders who are presently
placed, incarcerated, or housed in a local adult or juvenile
detention or correctional facility or who are under supervision by
the probation department after having been released from a state or
local adult or juvenile detention or correctional facility.
(2) Prerelease, reentry, continuing, and community-based services
designed to provide long-term stability for juvenile or adult
offenders outside of the facilities of the adult or juvenile justice
systems, including services to support a stable source of income, a
safe and decent residence, and a conservator or caretaker, as needed
in appropriate cases.
(3) For mentally ill juvenile offender applications, one or more
of the following strategies that has proven to be effective or has
evidence-based support for effectiveness in the remediation of mental
health disorders and the reduction of offending: short-term and
family-based therapies, collaborative interagency service agreements,
specialized court-based assessment and disposition tracks or
programs, or other specialized mental health treatment and
intervention models for juvenile offenders that are proven or
promising from an evidence-based perspective.
(d) The plan as included in the grant application shall include
the identification of specific outcome and performance measures and
for annual reporting on grant performance and outcomes to the board
that will allow the board to evaluate, at a minimum, the
effectiveness of the strategies supported by the grant in reducing
crime, incarceration, and criminal justice costs related to mentally
ill offenders. The board shall, in the grant application process,
provide guidance to counties on the performance measures and
reporting criteria to be addressed in the application.
(a) The application submitted by a county shall describe a
four-year plan for the programs, services, or strategies to be
provided under the grant. The board shall award grants that provide
funding for three years. Funding shall be used to supplement, rather
than supplant, funding for existing programs. Funds may be used to
fund specialized alternative custody and diversion programs that
offer appropriate mental health treatment and services.
(b) A grant shall not be awarded unless the applicant makes
available resources in accordance with the instructions of the board
in an amount equal to at least 25 percent of the amount of the grant.
Resources may include in-kind contributions from participating
(c) In awarding grants, priority or preference shall be given to
those grant applications that include documented match funding that
exceeds 25 percent of the total grant amount.
The board shall establish minimum requirements, funding
criteria, and procedures for awarding grants, which shall take into
consideration, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(a) The probable or potential impact of the grant on reducing the
number or percent of mentally ill adult offenders or mentally ill
juvenile offenders who are incarcerated or detained in local adult or
juvenile correctional facilities and, as relevant for juvenile
offenders, in probation out-of-home placements.
(b) Demonstrated ability to administer the program, including any
past experience in the administration of a prior mentally ill
offender crime reduction grant.
(c) Demonstrated ability to develop effective responses and to
provide effective treatment and stability for mentally ill adult
offenders or mentally ill juvenile offenders.
(d) Demonstrated ability to provide for interagency collaboration
to ensure the effective coordination and delivery of the strategies,
programs, or services described in the application.
(e) Likelihood that the program will continue to operate after
state grant funding ends, including the applicant's demonstrated
history of maximizing federal, state, local, and private funding
sources to address the needs of the grant service population.
(a) The board shall create an evaluation design for adult
and juvenile mentally ill offender crime reduction grants that
assesses the effectiveness of the program in reducing crime, adult
and juvenile offender incarceration and placement levels, early
releases due to jail overcrowding, and local criminal and juvenile
justice costs. The evaluation design may include outcome measures
related to the service levels, treatment modes, and stability
measures for juvenile and adult offenders participating in, or
benefitting from, mentally ill offender crime reduction grant
programs or services.
(b) Commencing on October 1, 2015, and annually thereafter, the
board shall submit a report to the Legislature based on the
evaluation design, with a final report due on December 31, 2018.
(c) The reports submitted pursuant to this section shall be
submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.
(d) Pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, this
section shall be repealed as of January 1, 2024.
The board may use up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated
for purposes of this article to administer this program, including
technical assistance to counties and the development of the